Types of Wood Fences | First Fence of Georgia


Providing more security and privacy than traditional chain link fences, countless homeowners across the Atlanta area utilize various types of wood fences for their homes. Wood fences have been popular for as long as there has been a need for fencing and if you’re considering installing a new one, there are well over a dozen different types of wood fences to choose from.

Whether it’s cross buck, ranch rail, or a good old-fashioned wood picket fence, the choices run the gamut and you should know the qualities and differences between them so you can make the best choice for your fencing project. With that in mind, we put together this guide of 5 of our favorites to help you and by the end, you’ll be able to make an informed decision.

Types of Wood Fences

When it comes to fencing options, there are 5 main types of wood fences we want to discuss today:

  • Picket
  • Ranch rail
  • Split rail
  • Lattice
  • Louvered
  • Crossbuck
  • Privacy/stockade

To help you narrow the field, here’s a breakdown.

Picket Fence

Dog ear Picket with Regular Dado postsDog ear Picket with Regular Dado posts

Perhaps one of the most iconic and recognizable fences is the picket fence. It’s a classic favorite among homeowners for its charming, traditional look, and ability to add curb appeal to any property.

Vertical boards are spaced slightly apart and attached to horizontal rails and of course, the most popular color choice is still white. Picket fences are durable, maintenance is a breeze, and this design looks great on any property, whether to mark property boundaries, keep children or pets safe, or simply add a touch of charm to the home.

Ranch Rail

Sometimes called a 3 or 4-rail fence, a ranch rail fence is another type of wood fence you usually see on large properties, especially if there are horses. While you may see this style made from vinyl, when it comes to fence materials, wood is still among the top favorites.

The ranch rail fence design exudes a classic, open look that is traditionally constructed with either three or four wooden rails. It offers a sturdy barrier without obstructing the view, making it a perfect choice for those wanting to enjoy the surrounding landscape. Wood choices for ranch rail fences typically include cedar, pine, or redwood and besides its functional benefits, the simplicity and rustic charm of the ranch rail fence can significantly enhance the aesthetic appeal of any property.

It’s less rustic-looking than split rail (discussed below) and when it comes to ranch rail wood fences, many of the woods used today contain resins, oils, and tannins that help prevent rot and decay, repel insects and fungus, and stand up to inclement weather conditions.

Split Rail Fencing

This fence configuration provides an inviting and traditional aesthetic to your property, delineating distinct perimeters. Ideal for small agricultural operations, be it for enclosing livestock or safeguarding crops, split rail fencing employs robust posts and horizontal bars. Employing top-grade cedar and pressure-treated pine, this choice enhances the structure’s resilience and longevity, thanks to these materials’ inherent resistance to pests and their non-corrosive properties.

The distinctive “split-rail” terminology originates from the method of splitting logs into halves or quarters to produce the fence’s primary components. This unique style typically involves the strategic placement of upright posts at substantial intervals, which are then interconnected by one to three horizontal rails. The simplicity of this design not only contributes to its aesthetic appeal but also facilitates a straightforward installation process.

Lattice Fencing

Lattice Top Shadow Box fenceLattice Top Shadow Box fenceLattice Top Shadow Box fence

Commonly used as a decorative style of fencing, lattice consists of pieces of wood angled at 90 degrees to create a diamond-shaped pattern. True lattice fencing offers minimal privacy but creates openings for climbing plants. Placing the fence along the top of an existing wood fence creates a unique and complementary look for your outdoor space.

The versatile styles include crosshatch, horizontal top, arch top, and crisscross square. Traditional lattice fencing uses cedar, birch, or redwood.

Louvered Fencing

For context, a louver is defined as angled pieces of flat wood placed horizontally allowing light and airflow between. They resemble closely to slats on shutters. This fencing style allows visibility from one side but not the other. Louvered fences are great for backyard patios by providing air to pass through and cool the space. Furthermore, this uncommon and modern style of wood fencing adds a visually appealing style to your home.

Cross Buck

Cross buck ranch rail fenceCross buck ranch rail fenceCross buck ranch rail fence

This is a post and rail fence with 2 horizontal rails and 2 boards that attach diagonally and overlap to create a cross. You’ll generally see it in use outside of town on traditional farms, ranches, and other large properties because it’s a great option for marking clear boundaries, but it can always be used to add a touch of Southern charm to your home.

Since this type of wood fence is made from cedar wood and others like pine and cypress, it’s also very durable and can be stained to help it last even longer. Additionally, if you’re not a fan of the crisscross X design, cross buck wood fences can be arranged in a traditional fence style as well.

Privacy/Stockade Fence

Wood residential privacy fence with bushesWood residential privacy fence with bushesWood residential privacy fence with bushes

If you’re looking for maximum privacy and security, then the privacy or stockade fence is the way to go. It utilizes tall, closely placed boards to block off any visibility from outside and is a popular choice for homeowners.

Stockade fences are made from cedar, redwood, or pressure-treated pine, and they come in various styles like dog-eared and scalloped tops but they’re highly customizable, with options for paint or stain colors, and can be built to different heights depending on your needs.

The Benefits of Wood Fences

Wood fences have been a popular choice for homeowners for many reasons:

  • Aesthetics: They offer a classic, traditional look that adds charm and character to any property.
  • Affordability: Compared to other fencing materials like metal or vinyl, wood is a more budget-friendly option.
  • Versatility: With so many different types and styles of wood fences available, there is something to suit every homeowner’s preferences and needs.
  • Customizable: They can be stained or painted to match the home’s exterior and landscaping.


Contact us and we’ll be happy to discuss options that best suit your needs. At First Fencing of Georgia, we specialize in fence installation and repair using high-quality materials. Plus, our experienced team is always happy to answer any questions you may have about wood fences or any other type of fencing. Don’t hesitate to reach out with your inquiries!

So whether you’re looking for a classic picket fence or a sturdy ranch rail, consider the benefits of wood fences and choose one that best fits your needs and style. Not only will it add value to your property, but a wood fence can also provide privacy, security, and a touch of Southern charm.